Skip to main content

SG2042 GCC toolchain documentation

SG2042 use the T-HEAD GNU compiler toolchain, this document introduces how to build and use this toolchain.

T-HEAD GNU Compiler Toolchain

T-HEAD GNU Compiler Toolchain is a RISC-V vendor toolchain that supports T-head CPUs. It offers vendor extensions series X-Thead, and optimized many special instructions.

You can download the source and build it from Here

A prebuild toolchain can be downloaded from Here

1. How to Build

1.1 Download the source for github

$ git clone

Notes: the source files will take around 6.65 GB of disk and download size.

1.2 Install prerequisites

Several standard packages are needed to build the toolchain, so we need to prepare the build environment before build.

  • On Ubuntu
$ apt-get install -y make diffutils autoconf automake autotools-dev curl python3 python3-pip libmpc-dev libmpfr-dev libgmp-dev gawk build-essential bison flex texinfo gperf libtool patchutils bc zlib1g-dev libexpat-dev ninja-build git cmake libglib2.0-dev
  • On On Fedora/CentOS/RHEL OS
$ dnf install -y make diffutils autoconf automake python3 libmpc-devel mpfr-devel gmp-devel gawk  bison flex texinfo patchutils gcc gcc-c++ zlib-devel expat-devel

1.3 Build steps

Sets up the configure args at first, pick an install path like /opt/riscv, tools will be installed in /opt/riscv/bin subdir:

$ ./configure --prefix=/opt/riscv –-with-arch=rv64gc_zfh_xtheadba_xtheadbb_xtheadbs_xtheadcmo_xtheadcondmov_xtheadfmemidx_xtheadfmv_xtheadint_xtheadmac_xtheadmemidx_xtheadmempair_xtheadsync --with-abi=lp64d

Notes: you can enable any other supported RISC-V sub-extensions by adding extensions in --with-arch option. For example, to enable RISC-V Bitmanip extension in toolchain, you can add _zba_zbb_zbc_zbs follow exist args.

It supports two build modes: a generic ELF/Newlib toolchain and a more sophisticated Linux-ELF/glibc toolchain.

  • Newlib toolchain
$ make -j $(nproc)
  • Linux-ELF/glibc toolchain
$ make linux -j $(nproc)

Notes: The build usually takes about fifteen minutes.

1.4 Check the build

After build finished, check with

$ /opt/riscv/bin/riscv64-xxx-gcc -v

to see if the toolchain installed correctly.

2. How to use

You can get an introduction to basic usage through --help option:

$ /opt/riscv/bin/riscv64-xxx-gcc --help

For further details please refer to GCC user manual

3. Bug reports

If you meet any problems when using toolchain, please send a bug report to GCC Bugzilla or open a new issue.

The RISC-V toolchain SIG will help you solve the problem soon.

  • hokamilkv