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Image Classification Based on MobileNetV2

1. Configure Docker development environment

Refer to here. After configuring the Docker development environment, return here to continue the next step.


If you are using a configured Docker development environment, please make sure to follow the Docker configuration tutorial to execute command source ./tpu-mlir/ after starting Docker, otherwise errors may occur in subsequent steps.

2. Prepare the working directory in Docker

Create and enter the mobilenet_v2 working directory, note that it is a directory at the same level as tpu-mlir.

# mkdir mobilenet_v2 && cd mobilenet_v2

Download the MobileNet model from the official website:

git clone

Place the model files in the cloned MobileNet-Caffe directory and the image files in the tpu-mlir tool chain directory into the current directory.

# cp MobileNet-Caffe/mobilenet_v2_deploy.prototxt .
# cp MobileNet-Caffe/mobilenet_v2.caffemodel .
# cp -rf ${TPUC_ROOT}/regression/dataset/ILSVRC2012/ .
# cp -rf ${TPUC_ROOT}/regression/image/ .

${TPUC_ROOT} here is an environment variable, corresponding to the tpu-mlir directory, which is loaded in the source ./tpu-mlir/ step in the previous configuration of the Docker development environment.

Create and enter the work working directory to store compiled files such as MLIR and cvimodel

# mkdir work && cd work

3. MobileNet-Caffe Model Conversion


The Duo development board is equipped with the CV1800B chip, which supports the ONNX series and Caffe models. Currently, it does not support TFLite models. In terms of quantized data types, it supports quantization in BF16 format and asymmetric quantization in INT8 format.

The steps for model conversion are as follows:

  • Convert Caffe model to MLIR
  • Generate calibration tables required for quantification
  • MLIR quantization into INT8 asymmetric cvimodel

Caffe model converted to MLIR

The model input are pictures. Before converting the model, we need to understand the preprocessing of the model. If the model uses preprocessed npz files as input, there is no need to consider preprocessing. The preprocessing process is expressed as follows ($x$ represents the input): $$ y = (x-mean)\times scale $$

The model in this example is BGR input, mean and scale are 103.94, 116.78, 123.68 and 0.017, 0.017, 0.017 respectively. The model conversion command is as follows: \
--model_name mobilenet_v2 \
--model_def ../mobilenet_v2_deploy.prototxt \
--model_data ../mobilenet_v2.caffemodel \
--input_shapes [[1,3,224,224]] \
--resize_dims=256,256 \
--mean 103.94,116.78,123.68 \
--scale 0.017,0.017,0.017 \
--pixel_format bgr \
--test_input ../image/cat.jpg \
--test_result mobilenet_v2_top_outputs.npz \
--mlir mobilenet_v2.mlir

Example of successful operation


After converting to the MLIR model, a mobilenet_v2.mlir file will be generated, which is the MLIR model file. A mobilenet_v2_in_f32.npz file and a mobilenet_v2_top_outputs.npz file will also be generated, which are the input files for subsequent model conversion.


MLIR to INT8 model

Generate calibration tables required for quantification

Run to get the calibration table. The number of input data should be about 100~1000 pieces depending on the situation. Here we use the existing 100 images from ILSVRC2012 as an example and execute the calibration command: mobilenet_v2.mlir \
--dataset ../ILSVRC2012 \
--input_num 100 \
-o mobilenet_v2_cali_table

Example of successful operation


After the operation is completed, the mobilenet_v2_cali_table file will be generated, which is used for subsequent compilation of the INT8 model.


MLIR quantized into INT8 asymmetric cvimodel

Use the script parameter to use asymmetric for asymmetric quantization and convert the MLIR file into an INT8 asymmetric quantization model: \
--mlir mobilenet_v2.mlir \
--asymmetric \
--calibration_table mobilenet_v2_cali_table \
--fuse_preprocess \
--customization_format BGR_PLANAR \
--chip cv180x \
--quantize INT8 \
--test_input ../image/cat.jpg \
--model mobilenet_v2_int8_asym.cvimodel

If the development board you are using is not Duo, please replace the seventh line -- chip cv180x in the above command with the corresponding chip model. When using Duo 256M/Duo S , it should be changed to -- chip cv181x.

Example of successful operation


After compilation is completed, the mobilenet_v2_int8_asym.cvimodel file will be generated.


4. Validate on Development Board Duo

Connecting the Duo development board

Complete the connection between the Duo development board and the computer according to the previous tutorial, and use tools such as mobaxterm or Xshell to open a terminal to operate the Duo development board.

Get tpu-sdk

Switch to the /workspace directory in the Docker terminal

cd /workspace

Download tpu sdk, if you are using Duo, execute

git clone
mv ./tpu-sdk-cv180x ./tpu-sdk

Else,if you are using Duo 256M/Duo S , execute

git clone
mv ./tpu-sdk-sg200x ./tpu-sdk

Copy tpu-sdk and model files to Duo

In the terminal of the Duo board, create a new directory /mnt/tpu/

# mkdir -p /mnt/tpu && cd /mnt/tpu

In the Docker terminal, copy tpu-sdk and model files to the Duo

# scp -r /workspace/tpu-sdk [email protected]:/mnt/tpu/
# scp /workspace/mobilenet_v2/work/mobilenet_v2_int8_asym.cvimodel [email protected]:/mnt/tpu/tpu-sdk/

Set environment variables

In the terminal of the Duo board, set the environment variables

# cd /mnt/tpu/tpu-sdk
# source ./

Perform Image Classification

On the Duo board, perform Image Classification on the image


Enter the samples directory

# cd samples

View cvimodel info

./bin/cvi_sample_model_info ../mobilenet_v2_int8_asym.cvimodel


Perform image classification test

./bin/cvi_sample_classifier_fused_preprocess \
../mobilenet_v2_int8_asym.cvimodel \
./data/cat.jpg \

Example of successful classification results


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